Background

The EU space strategy in the document “2016 Communication on a Space Strategy for Europe” fosters the uptake of space techniques applications. “The Commission’s aim is to optimise the benefits that space brings to society and the wider EU economy. Achieving this means boosting demand among public and private users, facilitating access to and use of space data, and stimulating the development and use of innovative downstream applications.” The project is suitable to “COPERNICUS building skills actions” that highlighted the need of education and skilling of the young generation for the uptake of space data and their integration and use for the benefit of the society (EU Competitiveness Council, 26/27 May). The Building skills actions to strength cooperation with KICs (Knowledge Innovation Communities) developed under the 2020 EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) initiative.
These are in line with the practice of Remote Sensing (RS), which has wide range of potential applications unused. The project fosters widening the range of applications of RS data. In the frame of the project the target region is Asian countries, which are important geopolitical partners of the EU in the field of geosciences.
The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, also known as The Belt and Road (B&R), One Belt, One Road (OBOR) or the Belt and Road Initiative is a development strategy and framework, proposed by Chinese paramount leader Xi Jinping that focuses on connectivity and cooperation among countries primarily between China and the rest of Eurasia. The starting point “The Belt and Road” construction is interconnection infrastructure, agricultural technology and water-saving technology cooperation, green energy cooperation, in the information society, all of which need geographic information to support, the needs of surveying and mapping geographic information technology firstly, as a key means of spatial data acquisition, RS will play the key role.
Innovation and cooperation is the trend of international development. The purpose of this project is suitale to “National Innovation Driven Development Strategy Outline” promulgated by Chinese government in 2016. In the “outline” that ” Science and technology have become the most important strategic resources of national strength, and innovation has become the core factor of policy making and institutional arrangement. To promote the reform of the new ideas, new discoveries, new knowledge, new principle, new method of initiative to strengthen the source of reserves. To promote the coordinated development of discipline equalization, strengthen interdisciplinary and integration, pay attention to the support of a number of non consensus projects, cultivate new discipline and characteristic disciplines”.” innovation” has become a priority in China’s affairs.
Thailand has passed through three economic development models. Thailand 1.0 was based on traditional agriculture, before transitioning to the light industry of Thailand 2.0 and then currently the heavy industry. During the third phase, Thailand has been stuck in the middle-income trap and faces disparities and imbalanced development. Recently, Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha proposed the Thailand 4.0 model which focuses on a “value-based economy”- do less for more shifting from production of commodity to product-oriented, innovation, and changing driving country’s industrial area to technology based creativity and innovation industries. In Thailand 4.0 models, has shifts to smart farming, smart Enterprise startups, make new technologies, use of knowledge and skilled workers and give high value services.
Agriculture plays an important role in Thailand. More than 40% of the labor force (39 million people) is engaged with agricultural sector. However, the farmers are the poorest segment of the population due to the traditional farming practice. The Smart farm and Agro Geoinformatics approach will be adopted to increase the crop productivities, more efficient use of fertilizers, reduction in pesticides so that we will have fewer impacts in the environment. The multispectral imaging covers the large area with quick response from satellite observation, aircraft and UAV is an essential data source to support for leaving behind traditional farming and embarking on a substantial phase of “smart farming”. However, the lack of well-trained professional human resources in RS technology is the greatest barriers for the application of RS to agriculture sectors.
The purpose of this project is to increase educational opportunities; equip people with additional skills and additional knowledge. This program will offer knowledge which will increase the number of skilled resources for utilizing RS satellite data. Additionally, the knowledge from this project can be widely used in many fields like in planning land use, urban planning, environmental monitoring and geological surveys among others.